Food Allergen Identity Crisis: Identifying Peanuts

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Food Allergen Identity Crisis: Peanuts | #foodallergies |

One of the most unfortunate aspects of having food allergies is that allergens may not always be listed as clearly on the ingredients list.

I’m starting a series that lists the alternate identities of various allergens, starting with peanuts, to potentially aide in the identifying allergens for those with allergies, families of those with allergies, and people in general.

These lists are by no means complete, as items may always be able to be added to them; however, they will list as many alternative names as possible.

Always make sure you read the labels! Even if you’ve read the label of something before, check it every. single. time. Labels can change without warning.

As of 1 January, 2006, foods covered by the FDA allergen-labeling laws that contain anything peanut have to be labeled in plain English to declare that it contains peanut. However, many food products are not covered by the FDA allergen-labeling laws, so knowing the other names of peanut ingredients is important.

Products exempt from plain English-labeling: cosmetics and personal care products, foods not regulated by the FDA, pet foods, prescription and over-the-counter medications, toys, and crafts.

The FDA has exempted highly refined peanut oil from being labeled as an allergen.

The following contains a peanut protein.

Contains peanuts

  • Arachic oil
  • Arachis
  • Arachis hypogaea
  • Artificial nuts
  • Beer nuts
  • Boiled peanuts
  • Cold-pressed, extruded or expelled peanut oil
  • Crushed nuts, crushed peanuts
  • Dry-roasted peanuts
  • Earth nuts
  • Goober peas
  • Goobers
  • Gourmet peanut oil
  • Ground nuts, ground peanuts
  • Hydrolyzed peanut protein
  • Hypogaeic acid
  • Mandelonas (peanuts soaked in almond flavoring)
  • Mixed nuts
  • Monkey nuts
  • No-nuts-flavored nuts
  • Nut pieces
  • Peanuts, peanut butter, peanut butter chips, peanut butter morsels
  • Peanut flour
  • Peanut paste
  • Peanut protein hydrolysate
  • Peanut sauce, peanut syrup
  • Satay
  • Spanish peanuts
  • Virginia peanuts

May contain peanuts

  • Artificial flavoring
  • Baked goods
  • Baking mixes
  • Candy
  • Cereals
  • Chili
  • Chocolate
  • Cookies
  • Crumb toppings
  • Fried foods
  • Flavoring
  • Graham cracker crust
  • Hydrolyzed plant protein
  • Hydrolyzed vegetable protein
  • Marzipan
  • Natural flavoring
  • Nougat
  • Pastries
  • Praline

Some unexpected sources of peanut

  • Ethnic foods: African, Asian, Chinese, Indian, Indonesian, Mexican, Thai, Vietnamese
  • Sauces, such as: chili sauce, enchilada sauce, hot sauce, pesto, gravy, mole sauce, and salad dressing
  • Egg rolls
  • Pancakes
  • Bread
  • Specialty pizzas
  • Some vegetarian food products, especially those advertised as meat substitutes—includes egg substitutes
  • Glazes and marinades
  • Pet food

Sources and more information: FARE, AllergyExpert.US, Kids With Food Allergies, Mignonne’s Recipe Box